Cardiology has made leaps and bounds in the past couple of decades. New technology has been introduced and new procedures have taken effect to increase the success rate and decrease mortality rate. Cardiology has grown in importance with heart disease on the rise and other complications making their way into the surgery room. These advancements have made headlines and sparked new ideas for way to better the process of repairing, replacing, and taking care of your heart. Below you will find some of the most innovative cardiology based breakthroughs to ever come about. I hope you enjoy the article and please feel free to share with others!
This is the process of recording electrical activity generated by the heart over a specific period of time. This process take place by use of electrodes on the patient’s body that emit notifications of electrical changes on the skin. These electrical signals stem from the heart muscle depolarizing during each heartbeat.
Preventive Cardiology & Framingham Study:
These methods and studies have shown mass amounts of data between long-term cardiovascular research of adult subjects, through multiple generations. Preventive cardiology is based around the idea of conducting tests and utilizing a conscious sense of general health to stay ahead of the curve in regards to heart disease or other cardio-based complications.
Lipid Hypotheses & Atherosclerosis:
The lipid hypothesis is based on the premise of using methods to lower the plasma lipids in patients hyperlipidemia to reduce heart complications. Doctors and physicians looks to lower cholesterol and other saturated fat related issues that lead to cardiovascular disease. Atherosclerosis on the other hand is the thickening and hardening of arteries that tend to occur in older people. Plaque in arteries causes blood flow to slow down and can have negative cardiovascular implications.
Coronary Care Units:
Also known as Cardiac Intensive Care Unit (CICU) is a specialized hospital ward to aid patients who have experienced a heart attack, unstable angina, cardiac dysrhythmia and other serious cardiac conditions. These conditions require constant monitoring and treatment for the affected individuals.
This process is also known as Transthoracic Echocardiogram (TTE), or cardiac ultrasound. For an echocardiography there is a transducer or probe placed to the chest wall/thorax of the patient or subject and images are captured through the chest. This gives physicians and doctors a better look at what is going on inside a patient without opening them up.
This unique therapy is used to break up clots or blockages within a patient’s blood vessels. As previously mentioned these block or clogs can cause serious damage and this process heal that. Through clot-dissolving medications injected by your doctor, clots are broken down through the power of the bloodstream.
Cardiac Catheterization & Coronary Angiography:
Cardiac Catheterization is a medical procedure in which certain heart conditions can be diagnosed and treated. A long, thin, and flexible catheter (tube) is put into a blood vessel in a patient’s arm, groin, or neck and threaded to their heart. Coronary Angiography is a test that uses dye and x-rays to show the insides of your coronary arteries. The dye allows doctors to get a great view of the arteries and see if there are any blockages or unwanted substances building up with the help of the special dye.
In certain cases patients require open-heart surgery where doctors must bypass the heart by exposing it. It is a fairly risky operation, however it has saved countless lives and provided more with hope for a future.
Automatic Implantable Cardiac Defibrillators:
These defibrillators are small technologically advanced devices that are surgically implanted by doctors to monitor and help treat irregular heartbeats. These irregular beats are known as arrhythmias and can cause heart attacks. In the case of an arrhythmia a defibrillator can correct the heart’s mistake and the patients can remain healthy.
This procedure is used to widen and unblock narrowed coronary arteries through the use of a balloon that will stretch open an artery. The arteries can be blocked by cholesterol, cells, or other substances also known as plaque. These blockages need to be fixed as soon as possible to avoid heart attack or other health complications.
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